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The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force ( Task Force ) has posted a draft recommendation statement and draft evidence documents on screening for breast cancer. The Task Force, an independent, voluntee ...


Cancers arise from multiple acquired mutations, which presumably occur over many years. Early stages in cancer development might be present years before cancers become clinically apparent. Research ...


Researchers at Sanford-Burnham Medical Research Institute ( Orlando, Florida; United States ) have identified a set of RNA molecules that are detectable in tissue samples and urine of prostate cancer ...


Intensive follow-up after surgery for colorectal cancer is common practice but is based on limited evidence. Researchers have assessed the effect of scheduled blood measurement of carcinoembryonic ant ...


Biomarkers for the early diagnosis of patients with pancreatic cancer are needed to improve prognosis. A study has described differences in microRNA expression in whole blood between patients with pan ...


Imaging tests are essential for staging of children with cancer. However, computed tomography ( CT ) and radiotracer-based imaging procedures are associated with substantial exposure to ionising radia ...


The FDA ( Food and Drug Administration ) has approved a new use for Lymphoseek ( Technetium 99m tilmanocept ) injection, a radioactive diagnostic imaging agent used to help doctors determine the exten ...


Researchers have developed a novel technique for detecting ALK rearrangements in non-small cell lung cancers ( NSCLCs ) that is more sensitive and easier to perform than currently available techniques ...


A research has shown that the addition of confocal laser endomicroscopy to high-definition white-light endoscopy enables improved real-time endoscopic diagnosis of Barrett's esophagus dysplasia ( neop ...


Researchers at the Stanford University School of Medicine and Lucile Packard Children's Hospital Stanford have developed a way to scan young cancer patients' bodies for tumors without exposing them to ...


The FDA ( Food and Drug Administration ) has approved a test that identifies the genotypeof hepatitis C virus ( HCV ) that a patient is carrying. The Abbott RealTime HCV Genotype II, which can differe ...


Barium enema is widely available for diagnosis of colorectal cancer despite concerns about its accuracy and acceptability. Computed tomographic colonography ( CTC ) might be a more sensitive and accep ...


Colonoscopy is the gold-standard test for investigation of symptoms suggestive of colorectal cancer; computed tomographic colonography ( CTC ) is an alternative, less invasive test. However, additiona ...


The management of metastatic breast cancer requires monitoring of the tumor burden to determine the response to treatment, and improved biomarkers are needed. Biomarkers such as cancer antigen 15-3 ( ...


The aim of study was to determine whether the biopsies of the submandibular gland and minor salivary gland demonstrate Lewy-type alpha-synucleinopathy ( LTS ) in Parkinson's disease ( PD ) patients.Th ...


Amyvid ( Florbetapir F 18 Injection ) has received marketing authorization from the European Commission as a diagnostic radiopharmaceutical indicated for Positron Emission Tomography ( PET ) imaging o ...


There is no difference between proton radiotherapy ( PRT ) and intensity-modulated radiotherapy ( IMRT ) when comparing the toxicity among Medicare beneficiary patients with prostate cancer at 12 mont ...


The average 5-year survival for colorectal cancer ( CRC ) is less than 10% if metastasis occurs, but can reach 90% if detected early. A new non-invasive test has been developed that measures methylati ...


According to a study of seven U.S. healthcare systems, the use of computed tomography ( CT ) scans of the head, abdomen / pelvis, chest or spine, in children younger than age 14 more than doubled from ...


The FDA ( Food and Drug Administration ) has notified the public and the medical imaging community about the potential for inadvertent, increased radiation exposure in patients who underwent or will b ...


Micro-bubble ultrasound contrast agents are a sterile suspension of Perflutren gas microspheres that are indicated for use in patients with suboptimal echocardiograms. These products are used to opa ...


One simple blood test could predict relapse or survival for children and young adults with acute leukemias, researchers from the Children's Cancer Hospital at The University of Texas M. D. Anderson Ca ...


Preliminary research suggests that the expression pattern of microRNA may be useful in differentiating between chronic pancreatitis and pancreatic cancer and may be able to distinguish long and short ...


Screening current or former smokers with the imaging technique of computed tomography may increase the rate of diagnosis and treatment of lung cancer, but may not necessarily reduce the risk of advanc ...


A protein identified at Johns Hopkins, early prostate cancer antigen-2 ( EPCA-2 ), may change the way men are screened for prostate cancer. Current standards of screening and testing for prostate c ...


Screening current or former smokers with the imaging technique of computed tomography ( CT ) may increase the rate of diagnosis and treatment of lung cancer, but may not necessarily reduce the risk of ...


Researchers have identified a set of biomarkers that could help clinicians identify a group of hematologic malignancies known as myelodysplastic syndromes ( MDS ), which affect approximately 300,000 i ...


A blood test for patients with coronary heart disease could help predict their risk for subsequent cardiovascular events or death. Risk stratification for cardiovascular events among the general po ...


A new strategy could replace conventional smear tests as the initial screening test for cervical cancer in young women. The New Technologies for Cervical Cancer group did a randomised controlled ...


Johns Hopkins researchers found that a protein found only in cerebrospinal fluid ( CSF ) that they say might be useful in identifying a subgroup of patients with multiple sclerosis or identifying thos ...


A multicenter study has found that adding Gemcitabine to standard therapy after surgery significantly improves survival for patients with the most common form of pancreatic cancer. More than 500 ...


In a study of a new drug for liver cancer, researchers found that the development of a skin rash correlated directly with the patient's response to treatment. Patients who developed a rash lived twi ...


Studies suggest that testing blood for prostate specific antigen ( PSA ) alone does not produce an ideal predictor of prostate cancer, and emerging data suggest this is especially true for obese men. ...


A study found that human papillomavirus ( HPV ) testing is more sensitive than traditional Pap smears at detecting precancerous lesions of the cervix. A new, liquid-based form of the Pap test margina ...


Researchers of Johns Hopkins developed a new radiotracer to visualize and quantify the brain's cannabinoid receptors by positron emission tomography ( PET ), opening a door to the development of new m ...


A simple urine test that can be interpreted in a doctor's office can help detect nearly all recurrences of bladder cancers with a higher accuracy rate than conventional laboratory analysis of urine te ...


Researchers from Massachusetts General Hospital ( MGH ) have shown that a blood test previously found useful for diagnosing heart failure and determining prognosis in several cardiovascular conditions ...


Expanding the use of positron emission tomography ( PET ) technology can provide early and accurate assessment of a tumor's response to a particular therapy allowing physicians to better tailor a pati ...


A study led by researchers at the University of California, Berkeley has found that brain scans may detect neurological changes in people who exhibit no outward signs of cognitive decline but who late ...


Screening men for prostate cancer may not reduce their risk for dying. More men will have been diagnosed with prostate cancer than any other cancer in 2005 and more than 30,000 men will have died f ...


Use of a simple test, in addition to traditional screening tests, identifies more accurately individuals who might have colorectal cancer. This test, known as an immunochemical faecal occult blood ...


In a study, researchers presented astonishing new evidence that the dog may have the capacity to contribute to the process of early cancer detection. Other scientific studies have documented the a ...


A study, published in tha journal cancer, has shown that the reliability of a prostate cancer-screening test may be compromised by lifestyle and demographic factors. The study reveals the rate of c ...


A team of researchers at the Arizona State University ( ASU ), led by Nongjian Tao and Peiming Zhang, has developed a new, breakthrough technique for the detection of DNA mutations. Their results, ...


Researchers may have discovered a new way that may assist in the early diagnosis of schizophrenia by utilizing MRI ( magnetic resonance imaging ) to study the patient's brain. Researchers at the Univ ...


African-American women living in communities with high poverty rates are less likely to be screened for cervical cancer, even after adjusting for other factors known to raise the risk of non-screening ...


Researchers from the University of California – Davis reported that breast Computed Tomography ( CT ) may be better than mammography at detecting breast lesions and is much more comfortable for wome ...


A test created at UCLA ( University of California - Los Angeles ) may offer a better way to diagnose heart disease risk for patients who develop coronary heart disease despite normal cholesterol level ...


Using a novel application of an fMRI ( functional magnetic resonance imaging ) technique, researchers at the University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine have, for the first time, visualized the effe ...


In a series of experiments with genetically engineered mice, a team of researchers from the Howard Hughes Medical Institute ( HHMI ) at the University of California Los Angeles ( UCLA ) has demonstrat ...



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